History of the co-operative movement

The cooperative movement began in Europe in the nineteenth century, primarily in England and France. The industrial revolution and the increasing mechanization of the economy transformed society and threatened the livelihoods of many workers. See more about the world history from the 19th century until the 1970’s.
http://www.soemco.coop/history-of-world-cooperative-movement.html

For information on co-operatives in British North America and Canada, see this article from the Canadian encyclopedia:
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/co-operative-movement/